UPRT stands for aeroplane ‘Upset Prevention and Recovery Training’ and constitutes a combination of theoretical knowledge and flying training with the aim of providing flight crew with the required competencies to both prevent and to recover from situations in which an aeroplane unintentionally exceeds the parameters for line operation or training (aeroplane upsets).
With the objective to introduce different ‘levels’ of UPRT at various stages of a professional pilot’s career, EASA has published its regulations and is currently revising its advice to the industry as follows:
- Basic UPRT will introduce exercises to be integrated in all CPL and ATPL training courses (modular and integrated courses) as well as the MPL training course.
- An ‘Advanced UPRT course’ will include at least 5 hours of theoretical instruction as well as at least 3 hours of dual flight instruction in an aeroplane, with the aim to enhance the student’s resilience to the psychological and physiological aspects associated with upset conditions. Sometimes this course is known as an ‘FCL.745.A course’.
- Class or type-related UPRT during class or type rating training will address the specifics of the relevant class or type of aeroplane.
The different ‘levels’ of UPRT will be integrated into pilot training as follows:
- Basic UPRT
- all modular and integrated CPL and ATP training courses for aeroplanes as well as the integrated MPL training course
- Advanced UPRT
- Part of:
- integrated ATP course
- integrated MPL course
- Prequisite to:
- training courses for single-pilot class or type ratings operated in multi-pilot operations;
- training courses for single-pilot high-performance complex aeroplanes;
- training courses for multi-pilot aeroplanes;
- Part of:
- Class-or Type-related UPRT
- training courses for single-pilot high-performance complex aeroplanes
- training courses for multi-pilot aeroplanes
- bridge course for extending privileges on a single-pilot aeroplane to multi-pilot operations
What does this mean for me?
There is no requirement for UPRT at the PPL stage, although the regulators intend to revise the existing advice to industry, with the objective to integrate basic UPRT elements into existing training syllabi for the PPL.
With effect from 20th December 2019:
- if you do a CPL course, basic UPRT exercises should be integrated into your training: it is worth confirming this with your training provider;
- you will have to have done an Advanced UPRT course before you can do an APS-MCC or multi-crew type rating course; and
- if you do an MCC or APS-MCC course, Class-related UPRT should be delivered as part of the course (it is worth confirming this with your training provider).
- if you do a multi-pilot type rating, Type-related UPRT will be delivered as part of the course.
Please note that an ATO cannot get approval for a UPRT course before 20th December 2019. This is problematic if you need an Advanced UPRT certificate as an entry requirement for a type rating course soon after 20th December. The way the UK CAA are getting around this is to issue ‘oversight reports’ to ATOs confirming that, although under EU regulation the requirement for FCL.745.A Advanced UPRT course – aeroplanes does not come into effect until 20th December 2019, the theoretical knowledge and flying training described in the ATO’s Training Manual meets the requirements of the currently published regulations and any required training delivered in compliance with it will be credited by the UK CAA in applications for any necessary additions to licences, certificates and ratings that may be required after that date. We are not aware of the arrangements in other EASA states. If this affects you, you should speak with your ATO to ensure that your course is valid.
Most pilots following the modular route will do their CPL qualifying cross country and night rating post-PPL and before their CPL course. This could be where you do your Advanced UPRT, which would mean you can count the training towards the total hours required for issue of your CPL. Alternatively, some pilots aim to do the course later, perhaps just before their APS-MCC, so they have more total flying experience when doing the course. Whichever option you choose, aeroplane based UPRT is mandatory with effect from 20th December 2019. However, we do not believe that this is just a ‘tick in the box’ – rather an important and fun course that one day could save your life, and so worth doing properly.
Wings Alliance member Ultimate High are specialists in delivering UPRT training and the Wings Alliance APS-MCC course includes class-specific UPRT training.